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1972 奥林匹克篮球決賽   蘇聯逆转勝美國

1972 奥林匹克篮球決賽Gold medal game controversy

The 1972 Olympics marked the first time that the United States did not win the gold medal in Olympic basketball since the sport’s introduction as an official medal event at the 1936 Summer Olympics.

It was perhaps the most controversial result in Olympic history. The United States basketball team had been unbeaten in 62 Olympic competitions. Then they met the Soviets in the 1972 gold medal game.

USA guard Doug Collins sank two foul shots late in the game, giving the Americans a 50-49 lead with three seconds remaining and what looked like the gold medal.

The Soviets inbounded the ball right away but the referee, Renato Righetto of Brazil, blew the whistle with one second on the clock.

Following a conference with the officials, it was determined that the Soviet head coach Vladimir Kondrashin had called a time out. The Soviets were given a second opportunity to inbound the ball with three seconds left. After a Soviet player heaved a desperation miss from half court, the U.S. began their celebration, which proved to be grossly premature. The Soviet coach, Kondrashin, protested that the clock had been reset incorrectly and demanded a third chance. FIBA Secretary-General Renato William Jones of Italy–who, by FIBA rules had no authority over in-game officiating decisions–ordered that the game clock be reset to 0:03 to give the Soviet team a third chance to score the winning points. Referee Righetto and his Bulgarian officiating partner complied with Jones’ improper order.

The Soviet team received the ball, and this time got the ball to their star player Aleksandr Belov, who sank the winning basket at the buzzer. The U.S. team, convinced they were robbed of the gold, flatly refused the silver and did not attend the victory ceremony, filing an official protest. The official scorekeeper of the game did not sign the scorebook following the game in protest. On appeal, the five-man panel ruled the result fair despite testimony from the referee and the timekeeper pointing to the contrary; the 3-2 vote was split along Cold War lines.

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