Posts from the ‘术语中英对照’ Category

乒乓球 英文术语Table Tennis basic Forehand and Backhand wording in English

stance, the backswing, the strike and the finish

How to execute a Table Tennis Forehand and Backhand?

By Averlynn Lim

MASTER YOUR TABLE TENNIS TECHNIQUE (2): FOREHAND & BACKHAND

Anyone can play table tennis. From the void deck to your local Community Centre or sports complex, you can see players from the age of five to 85 enjoying the game.

What makes table tennis so popular is the ease of which to pick it up. There are essentially two basic positions to learn – the forehand and the backhand. Every other shot thereafter are simply techniques applied to these two basic positions.

To get started, you’ll just need to learn four basic strokes: the forehand drive, the forehand push, the backhand drive and the backhand push. Once you’ve mastered these strokes, you can go on to more complicated techniques that will rais

The Forehand

A forehand shot is essentially hitting the ball with your hand’s most natural position. For instance, a right-hander would hit the ball from the right side of his body, while a left-hander would hit from the left side.

Executing a forehand drive or push can be broken down into four components – your

stance, the backswing, the strike and the finish.

Stance

1. Position your body so that the ball comes to your natural side.

2. Your feet should be slightly wider than shoulder width apart.

3. For right-handers, let your right foot be slightly behind your left (to generate power)

4. Knees bent, body crouched (leaning forwards), both arms out in front of you.

Backswing

1. As the ball approaches, rotate your body slightly to the right from your hips.

2. Shift some weight to your back foot.

3. Keep your racket at about a 45 degree angle.

Strike

1. Once you’re ready to hit the ball, rotate your body back forwards.

2. Transfer your body weight back from the back foot to the front front.

3. Try to hit the ball at the peak of the bounce.

4. For a forehand drive (more power), try accelerating your forearm slightly as you make contact.

Finish

1. Your follow-through should leave the racket in front of your body, pointing in the direction where you’ve hit the ball.

2. Move back to your ready stance for your return

File Photo Credit: Chandran Mookken/SportSG

The Backhand

A backhand shot involves turning your arm slightly across your body to hit the ball.

Like the forehand, the backhand can also be broken down into four components – your stance, the backswing, the strike and the finish.

Stance

1. Position your body square to the line of play – this means both feet should point diagonally towards your opponent.

2. Knees bent, body crouched (leaning forwards), both arms out in front of you with a slight bend at the elbow.

Backswing

1. As the ball approaches, bring your racket towards your body

2. Keep your body aligned and balanced.

Strike

1. Once you’re ready to hit the ball, move your arm towards the ball.

2. Tap the ball to push the ball forwards, and use your wrist for more power and direction.

Finish

1. Your follow-through should follow the ball to the direction you’ve aimed

2. Recover to your ready position and anticipate the next shot.

乒乓球术语中英对照表

乒乓球术语中英对照表

关于比赛项目

 

Table tennis  乒乓球

Singles  单打

Doubles双打

Men’s singles 男子单打

Women’s singles 女子单打

Men’s doubles 男子双打

Women’s doubles 女子双打

Mixed doubles 男女混合双打

Men’s team 男子团体

Women’s team 女子团体

 

关于各种赛事

 

1、世界乒乓球锦标赛(World Table Tennis Championships)

2、世界杯乒乓球赛  (World Cup Table Tennis Match)

3、世界杯乒乓球联赛(World Cup Table Tennis Tournament)

4、奥运会乒乓球比赛(Table Tennis Match in Olympic Games)

5、世界明星巡回赛  (World Stars Tour Match)

6、中国乒乓球锦标赛(China Table Tennis Championships)

7、亚非拉乒乓球友好邀请赛(Asia- Africa-Latin America Table Tennis Friendship Tournament)

8、亚洲乒乓球锦标赛  (Asian Table Tennis Championships)

9、亚洲运动会乒乓球比赛(Table Tennis Match in Asian Games)

10、亚非乒乓球友好邀请赛(Asia- Africa table tennis friendship invitational)

11、全国运动会乒乓球比赛(Table Tennis Match in China National Games)

12、欧洲乒乓球联盟(European Table Tennis Union)系列赛事

 

EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIPS (EC)

EUROPEAN YOUTH CHAMPIONSHIPS (EYC)

EUROPEAN VETERANS CHAMPIONSHIPS (EVC)

EUROPEAN MIXED DOUBLES CHAMPIONSHIPS (EMDC)

EUROPEAN NATIONS LEAGUE (ENL)

OLYMPIC GAMES QUALIFIYING TOURNAMENT (OGQ)

OLYMPIC YOUTH GAMES QUALIFIYING TOURNAMENT (OYGQ)

EUROPE TABLE TENNIS SUPER CUP (ETTSC)

EURO-ASIA ALL STARS SERIES

EUROPE TOP 12 TOURNAMENT (TOP-12)

EUROPE YOUTH TOP-10 TOURNAMENT (TOP-10)

EUROPEAN CHAMPIONS LEAGUE

ETTU CUP (ETC)

EUROPEAN YOUTH OPEN (EYO)

TT INTERCUP

TT INTERCUP FOR LADIES

 

此外,还有世界各国或地区举办的乒乓球公开赛,包括世界乒乓球联合会职业巡回赛各国的公开赛,ITTF Pro Tour Table Tennis-China Open, Germany Open, Swede Open, Austrian Open, Croatia Open,等等。

 

关于发球、接发球常用术语

 

serve the ball 发球

spin 旋转
twiddle,twirl 倒板
backhand drive 反手抽球
drive 抽球
forehand 正手击球
top-spin 上旋球
under-spin,backspin 下旋球
side-spin 侧旋球
loop 弧圈球
combine long drives with drop shots 长抽短吊
defensive player 防守型选手
attacking player 进攻型选手
削球 chop
搓球 push
放高球 lob
擦边球 Edge ball
封挡 block
快攻,打回头,扣杀 drive counter, counter-drive, smash
短吊 drop shot
前冲弧圈球 accelerated loop
反手削球 backhand chop
反手抽球 backhand drive
反手扣球 backhand smash
反手直线球 back straight
反手弧圈球 backhand loop drive
进攻位置、攻击点、进攻时机 attack point
反手对攻 backhand attack and counter attack
反手斜线球 back cross
反手进攻打法 backhand attacking play
反手连续攻球 backhand attacking rally
发反手下旋球 backhand backspin service
反手推挡 backhand block
左推右攻、右推左攻 backhand block with forehand
两面攻、左右开攻 attack on both sides
以削球为主的战术 all cut
挥拍的幅度 amplitude of swing
反手斜线推挡 angled backhand block
斜线球 angle shot
调整拍形 angle the bat
抽出角度来 angle the drive
发球抢攻 attack after service
进攻作用 attacking role
进攻性发球 attacking service
命中率 accuracy
发球者占先 advantage server
再平分 again
关于乒乓球台与区域
远台 back court
中台 middle court
近台 short court
中线 center
台角 corner of table
网柱 pole
全台 full court
台的边缘 edge of table
球台端线 front edge of table
(球台)中区 centre zone
(球台)近网区 net zone
接球员的左半区 receiver’s left half court
接球员的右半区 receiver’s right half court
底线区 goal zone
关于比赛规则、裁判等术语
First 第一
Second 第二
Third 第三
Fourth 第四
Fifth 第五
Let 重发球
Fault 犯规
Side 侧面
Net 擦网
Stop 停
Time 时间到
Toss 挑边(掷挑边器)
Who will receive first? 谁先接发球?
Who will serve first? 谁先发球?
Serve 发球
Receive 接发球
Ends 方位
Practice 练习
Begin playing 比赛开始
Ready-Serve 准备—发球
Change service 换发球
Change ends 交换方位
Change receiver 交换接发球员
Point 得分
Good service 合法发球
Good return 合法还击
Outside 出界
Volley 拦击
Obstruct 阻挡
Double hit 连击
Double bounce 两跳
Moved playing surface 台面移动
Free hand on table 不执拍手扶台
Touched net assembly 触及球网装置
Stamp foot 跺脚
Wrong order 次序错了
Edge ball 擦边球
Broken ball 球破裂
Expedite system 轮换发球法
Table 球台
End line 端线
Side line 边线
Centre line 中线
Right half-court 右半区
Playing surface 比赛台面
Top edge 上边缘
Net 球网
Post 支柱
Support 支架
Too high(low) 太高(低)
Ball 球
junk 防弧圈胶皮
rubber 胶皮
Select 选择
Racket 球拍
Blade 拍身,底板
Handle 拍柄
Covering 覆盖物
Pimpled rubber 颗粒胶
Sandwich rubber 海绵胶
Too thick 太厚
Playing hall 比赛厅
Surrounds 挡板
Floor 地板
Score indicator 计分器
Towel 毛巾
Dark-colored 暗色
Matt 无高度光泽
Uniform 一致, 均匀
Height 高度
Left 左
Right 右
Best of 3 games 三局二胜
Best of 5 games 五局三胜
Deciding game 决胜局
Match 场
Strick 击球
Racket hand 执拍手
Free hand 不执拍手
Upwards 向上
Near vertically 近乎垂直
Palm of the hand 手掌
Stationary 静止
Above 之上
Below 之下
Behind 之后
Without spin 无旋转
Over or around 越过或绕过
Continue 继续
Server 发球员
Receiver 接发球员
Winner 胜者
Loser 败者
Visible 看得见
Pair 一对(双打运动员)
Player 运动员
Captain 队长
Coach 教练员
Referee 裁判长
Umpire 裁判员
Deputy umpire 副裁判员
Report to referee 报告裁判长
场外指导 advice to players during play
==========

技術篇:
中文術語 = 日式術語 =英文術語[若是要強調正反手請於開頭再加上forehand(正手)或backhand(反手)]
發球 = =service
接發球 = =receiving
正手拉球 = =forehand(counter) spin、forehand(counter) drive
反手拉球 = =backhand(counter) spin、backhand(counter) drive
正手拉下旋 = =forehand spin against cut defence
反手拉下旋 = =backhand spin against cut defence
反拉 = =counterdrive
加轉弧圈 = loop =loop、topspin loop
前衝弧圈 = speedo = speed
正手擊球 = =forehand(counter) stroke
反手擊球 = =backhand(counter) stroke
正手攻球 = =forehand(counter) attack
反手攻球 = =backhand(counter) attack
正手推擋 = =forehand(counter) block
反手推擋 = =backhand(counter) block
反手切推球(滑拍)= =backhand cut block
封球 = =block
快攻扣殺 = =drive、counter、counterdrives、smash
放高球 = =lob
加轉放高 = =high loop defence
擺短 = =drop shot
點 = =flick
台內撥 = =flip
旋轉 = =spin、rotation
上旋球 = =topspin
下旋球 = =backspin、underspin
切球 = =cut、chop、push
搓(切)長 = =long push
搓(切)短 = =short push
削球 = =cut、off-table chop
側旋 = =sidespin
側切 = =sideway push
倒板 = =twiddle twirl
遠檯防守 = =backhand fish
推側(撲) = =Falkenberg footwork
步伐練習 = =footwork

器材篇:
中文術語 = 日式術語 =英文術語
橫板 = =handshake grip blade
直板 = =pen-hold grip Chinese pen-hold (中直)
膠皮 = =rubber
短顆 = =short pimples
中顆 = =middle pimples
長顆 = =long pimple
快速膠水 = =reglue、speedglue
球拍 = =bat 、racket 、blade、paddle