Policies for Law and Order

  • Introduce three-strikes-for-burglary law. Habitual offenders will be sentenced to a minimum three years in prison without parole if convicted of a third burglary offence. Juvenile offenders will not have their convictions treated as strikes unless they are convicted of a further offence in adulthood.( Burglary is a serious crime that causes misery to more than fifty thousands of New Zealanders every year.)
  • Introduce Castle Doctrine law for people to protect their homes(Castles), so they have the right to defend themselves from criminal intruders. This law is needed to favor the intended victim instead of the criminal intruder or attacker.
  • Parole is not an automatic right. Reform sentencing and parole laws to deters serious crimes. Increase inmates’ workload while they are in working prisons. Ensure alcohol and drug rehabilitation courses available for all inmates.
  • Enough Funding to police for fulfilling  their crime “prevention first” approach. Enough police officers of front line police (at least one police officer for every 500 people)
  • Review “Children, Young Persons, and Their Families Amendment Bill (No 6) 2007
    " (New Zealand is the first country to follow the local indigenous customs, try to apply restorative-justice-approach legislation) as restorative justice might trivializes crime (particularly men’s violence against women and burglary).
  • Enough Funding to ensure everyone has access to justice and legal aid.
  • (National)  Target domestic violence by establishing a Chief Victims Advisor and introducing an intensive case management system which provides specialist support for the most at-risk victims.
  • A new “home safety service” to support people who want to leave violent relationships. A conviction disclosure regime which may allow a person to be told if their partner has a history of violence. Consider mobile safety alarms for victims and GPS tracking for offenders.
  • Reduce gang-related crime with a cross-agency gang intelligence centre and a suite of changes to help monitor gangs and prevent their expansion.
  • Labour

    Begin a prime minister-led programme to eliminate domestic and sexual violence.

  • Provide $15 million a year for frontline services, primary prevention and education, and trial transitional housing for abused people.
  • Reform the justice system to ensure victims of sexual cases are not intimidated by court processes, and amend the definition of consent to place the burden of proof on the Crown, instead of the victim. Reverse cuts to police.
  • Review safety of prisons and improve protections for Corrections staff. Increase reintegration services for ex-prisoners.
  • Establish a UK styled criminal case review commission to deal with miscarriages of justice.
  • Green Party

    Speed up and expand Corrections’ shift towards restorative justice by providing more funding for community-based alcohol and drug treatment programmes and jobs training in prisons.

  • More funding for reintegration services such as accommodation for released prisoners and help to get into work. Provide greater funding for police to allow them to properly fulfil their “prevention first” approach. Ensure everyone in New Zealand has access to justice, in particular legal aid.
  • NZ First

    Castle Doctrine law for people to protect their homes and families using necessary as opposed to reasonable force.

    — The “Castle Doctrine" comes from the common law principle that people’s homes are their castles, and they have the right to defend themselves from criminal intruders.– This law is needed to favor the intended victim instead of the criminal intruder or attacker.

  • Homeowners would be able to use “any firearm that is lawfully available to that person” to defend themselves.
  • Reintroduce the offence of being intoxicated (from drugs or alcohol) and disorderly in public, including penalties of a $2000 fine or three months’ jail. A minimum non-parole period of 40 years for murder, and cumulative sentencing for offenders convicted of more than one crime.
  • Funding to police to ensure prevention. Access to legal aid for all. Support restorative justice programmes.
    • Maori Party

      Repeal “three strikes” law and legislation which bans prisoners from voting. Re-direct funding into community-led justice. Ensure community law centres are properly funded and extend the centres to six more regions. Introduce whanau facilititors. Support whanau-focused alcohol and drug treatment in and out of prison, and introduce computers in jail cells. Review institutional racism in the justice system. Scrap the Independent Police Conduct Authority and replace it with an Anti-corruption Commission, which would absorb the powers of other agencies’ investigative functions.

      Conservative

      Tougher sentences for offenders. Abolish parole so criminals serve full sentences with no early release. Increase the number of working prisons and increase inmates’ workload.

      • Internet-Mana

        Increase the use of non-custodial, rehabilitative and restorative approaches to crime, and improve access to jobs, education and housing for released prisoners. Introduce a Sentencing Council to advise and provide guidelines on appropriate sentences, and amend the Sentencing Act to promote community based sentences. Investigate the procedures used in sexual assault cases and consider alternative trial processes. Support Labour Party move to shift burden of proof to accused in rape cases. Abolish all prisons and replace with “habitation centres” which focus on restorative justice (Mana).

        United Future

        Ensure minimum police staffing levels in communities, especially in rural areas, and require police to co-ordinate with social services and child protection agencies. Prioritise victims by requiring judges and parole boards to make victims’ safety paramount when considering bail or parole applications.

        Make sure victims are fully compensated through a ten per cent levy on offenders’ income. Encourage early intervention programmes by increasing access to parenting courses, values education in schools, truancy crackdowns and more funding for mentoring programmes, mental health services and adult literacy. Make drug and alcohol rehabilitation courses available for all inmates.

(Act) Introduce es” legisl“three strikation (「慣犯法」habitual offender laws) for burglary which creates mandatory three-year sentences for a third conviction.(– “Burglary is a serious crime that causes misery to tens of thousands of New Zealanders every year," Dr Whyte said.— The policy is modelled on a three-strikes-for-burglary law introduced in England and Wales in 1999.– Focusing purely on burglaries may inadvertently cause problems elsewhere if resources are moved away from other areas.– with burglaries rising nearly 12 per cent in the past year –Most people take some security measures to protect their homes, such as deadbolts. Improved security is effective as those homes with no special security measures are more likely to be burgled.Three strikes• Offenders will be sentenced to three years in prison without parole if convicted of a third burglary offence.

• Juvenile offenders will not have their convictions treated as strikes unless they are convicted of a further offence in adulthood.

Definition

Burglary

Burglary, by law, is entering a property with intent to commit a crime, even if nobody is home, and nothing is stolen.–Burglary differs from theft as it involves breaking and entering with intent to commit a crime (almost always thievery).

Theft

-Theft involves taking something that does not belong to you. If a flowerpot is stolen from Bunnings, it’s theft. If someone’s climbed over your fence and broken into your conservatory to steal it, that’s burglary. Most thefts are minor and involve goods of little value – yet cumulatively the value of stolen property is high. The cost of theft in New Zealand in 2003/4 was estimated at $1.2 billion, and burglary at $942 million. Many thefts are opportunistic and never detected, or are dealt with by those involved without police involvement.(In 2014 the so-called “ghost crimes" became a political scandal, when it was revealed some police in Counties-Manukau, Auckland, made hundreds of burglaries disappear from police statistics by downgrading them to more minor offences, such as theft. )

Shoplifting

Shoplifting is a form of theft sometimes referred to as ‘ripping off’ or ‘five finger discount’. Many young people shoplift something during their teenage years but then cease once they are older. In 1966 a security service was established in Wellington to help stores combat shoplifting. Many large department stores have for decades had their own security services, shop detectives and surveillance cameras.

Robbery

Robbery is recorded as a separate crime. It describes theft from a person, usually by violence or threat. Police call it aggravated robbery if the victim is harmed, or if there’s a weapon present.

Receiving

A receiver of stolen goods is known as a ‘fence’. In the chain of supply and demand the person who receives (and usually buys) the stolen property (asking few questions) is also culpable, as most criminals want to convert their stolen property into cash. Receiving stolen goods carries a maximum penalty of seven years in jail.

Statistics by types of crime

New Zealand recorded crime statistics for years ending 31 December 2012-14, by ANZSOC category[2]
ANZSOC Description 2012 year 2013 year 2014 year
Number per 10,000
population
Number per 10,000
population
Number per 10,000
population
01 Homicide and related offences 68 0.15 83 0.19 66 0.15
02 Acts intended to cause injury 40,851 92.67 39,447 88.80 39,944 87.46
03 Sexual assault and related offences 3,512 7.97 3,919 8.82 4,056 8.99
04 Dangerous or negligent acts endangering persons 1,022 2.32 787 1.77 737 1.63
05 Abduction, harassment and other offences against the person 12,476 28.30 13,763 30.98 15,024 33.31
06 Robbery, extortion and related offences 2,199 4.99 2,178 4.90 2,140 4.75
07 Unlawful entry with intent/burglary, break and enter 52,937 120.09 52,247 117.62 53,265 118.11
08 Theft and related offences 119,476 271.04 121,035 272.47 119,323 264.58
09 Fraud, deception and related offences 8,013 18.18 7,997 18.00 9,037 20.04
10 Illicit drug offences 20,792 47.17 16,069 36.17 16,543 36.68
11 Prohibited and regulated weapons and explosive offences 6,063 13.75 5,675 12.78 5,791 12.84
12 Property damage and environmental pollution 48,901 110.93 45,577 102.60 40,358 89.49
13 Public order offences 42,522 96.46 35,850 80.71 26,751 59.32
15 Offences against justice procedures, government security and government operations 15,797 35.84 14,425 32.47 16,085 35.67
16 Miscellaneous offences 1,384 3.14 1,359 3.06 1,269 2.81
Total crimes 376,013 853.00 360,411 811.35 350,389 776.93
Population (as at 30 June)[11] 4,408,100 4,442,100 4,509,900