全球慈善指數報告: 澳紐並列世界第一,中國排在147位險墊底

 

樂善好施澳紐並列世界第一 中國險墊底

【大紀元9月10日訊】(大紀元時報記者袁麗綜合報導)

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根據總部設在英國的慈善援助基金會(Charities Aid Fundation)2010年9月8日的「2010年世界給予指數」調查報告"World Giving Index 2010″ (WGI 2010) report顯示,在被調查的153個國家中,澳洲和紐西蘭人願意捐款和花時間用於慈善行為、以及幫助陌生人方面的綜合指數排名世界並列第一。中國排名僅高於馬達加斯加,列為倒數第二。

在報告中,從捐款、做義工、幫助陌生人三個評估項目上,澳洲和紐西蘭的平均綜合指數達到百分之五十七,列居首位,其次是加拿大和冰島,平均綜合指數達到百分之五十六,美國和瑞士緊隨其後,平均綜合指數達到百分之五十五。

在慈善援助基金會的報告中顯示,根據報告前一個月的調查,目前,在世界各地人們的慈善行為出現了顯著變化。例如,在用於慈善方面捐款上,立陶宛只有百分之四的人們願意捐錢,相比之下,在馬爾他有百分之八十三的人為慈善捐錢。在土克曼斯坦,有百分之六十一的人們熱心於做義工,而在柬埔寨卻只有百分之二的人願意做義工。利比里亞人是最願意幫助陌生人的國家。在西非的利比里亞,高達百分之七十六的利比里亞人願意為陌生人提供幫助。

同時,根據調查,世界人口較多的國家排名幾乎接近底線。印度排名137位,俄國排名138位,世界人口最多的國家中國排在147位,列居倒數第二位。只有百分之四的中國人捐錢給慈善機構,而在俄羅斯,也只有百分之六的人捐錢。

在澳洲,百分之七十的人捐過錢,百分之三十八的人做過義工,百分之六十四的人幫助過陌生人。在紐西蘭,百分之六十八的人捐過錢,百分之四十一的人做過義工,百分之六十三的人幫助過陌生人。

「世界給予指數」報告使用了「蓋洛普」對153個國家人們的慈善行為所作的調查,而這些國家代表了全世界百分之九十五的人口數。通過研究發現,快樂的人比有錢人更有可能捐錢給慈善機構。

慈善援助基金會研究部主任理查德‧哈里森(Richard Harrison)說:「捐錢給慈善機構傳統上被認為是由於一個人富有才會做的事。然而,很明顯的是,在影響人們是否給予樂施上,快樂才是起到了重要的作用。」哈里森表示調查結果表明,當一個人為慈善付出後,慈善機構會提升了受捐助人的幸福感,捐助人也會更加願意付出,這就形成了一種良性循環。

在大多數國家的調查中,都是通過電話採訪和面對面的採訪方式,有一千個問題被問到。通過對這些國家的調研,慈善援助基金會發現快樂和給予之間的聯繫比財富和給予之間的聯繫更緊密。

Charities Aid Foundation Report: U.S. Tied For Fifth Place in New ‘World Giving Index’ Ranking Charitable Behavior in 153 Countries

 WASHINGTON, Sept. 8 –

WGI 2010 Measures Charitable Behavior of World in Three Major Categories:  Personal Giving, Volunteering Time and Number of People Willing to Help a Complete Stranger 

WASHINGTON, Sept. 8 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — The United States ties for fifth place with Switzerland in a new “World Giving Index 2010″ (WGI 2010) report issued today by the Charities Aid Foundation America (CAFAmerica), a member organization of the United Kingdom-based Charities Aid Foundation international network of offices.  The review of the state of giving in 153 countries representing 95 percent of the globe’s population is the most ambitious study of its kind to have ever been attempted.

The U.S. posted impressive numbers in all three WGI 2010 categories – with 60 percent in the U.S. giving to an organization, 39 percent volunteering time and 65 percent willing to help a complete stranger.  The Index ranked Australia and New Zealand as the most charitable nations in the world, followed by Ireland and Canada in third and fourth place respectively.

The World Giving Index is the first survey on a large scale to capture information about charitable behavior in 153 countries, including many nations that have not been included in previous surveys on giving.  The Index, compiled from data from an ongoing international Gallup survey, ranked the U.S. along with other countries in three categories:  what percentage of the population donated to a charity; what percentage of the population volunteered time to an organization; and what percentage of the population helped a complete stranger or someone who they didn’t know needed help.  

First place ranks in the individual categories of the World Giving Index went to Malta with 83 percent of its population giving money, Turkmenistan with 61 percent volunteering time to a charity, and Liberia with 76 percent of its population willing to help a stranger.

“The World Giving Index is a broad-based survey and it provides a unique overview of global philanthropy.  It will give many governments a means to set benchmarks for giving and define areas where improvement is needed," said CAFAmerica CEO Susan Saxon-Harrold.  “Many countries at the bottom of the list benefit enormously from U.S. philanthropy.  Our organization is helping U.S. donors give to some of those countries and it’s important that Americans continue to build-up indigenous philanthropy in countries such as China, Russia and India."

CAF Director of Research Richard Harrison said: “The World Giving Index is the first time that the world has been able to have a view about how generous it is and the first time we can see truly global patterns of charitable behaviour.  We hope that the Index can be used to progress philanthropy world wide, providing a benchmark for Governments to compare their country with peers and as act as a tool to aid the development of civil society in countries where a culture of giving is not well developed."

CAFAmerica President Janet Boyd said:   “When it comes to philanthropy, Americans do a lot … and can always do more.   This survey highlights the need to engage workers in volunteering via the corporate sector, young people by new social media channels, and older Americans by means that are both comfortable and familiar to them.  In my view, no one should take a critical view of the U.S. fifth place rank in this report for a variety of reasons, but that also does not mean that we should be complacent as a nation when there is so much more that can be done."

The overall index score for each country was calculated by adding the percentages of all three charitable acts together and dividing by three.  Very few countries demonstrated low scores in all three charitable behaviors covered by the survey.

[Omitted here:  Ranking of nations available in full text of news release at http://www.cafamerica.org.]

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